上傳文檔 賺現金
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題
教案
加入資料籃8.5折
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題01
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題02
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題03
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題04
2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題05
還剩15頁未讀, 繼續閱讀
下載需要20學貝
免費下載這份資料?
加入資料籃8.5折
立即下載

2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題三閱讀理解第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題

展開

第四講 根據上下文推斷詞句的含義——詞句猜測題[學生用書P82]

詞句猜測題旨在考查考生根據上下文推斷單詞、短語或句子的本意或外延含義的能力既可以考查生詞的意義也可以考查熟詞的新意還可以是對替代詞所替代內容的判斷。

除了直接的命題外在閱讀理解的文章中常常有一些單詞或短語超出了考試大綱但又沒有附加注釋也需要考生猜測詞義才能準確理解文章這是詞義猜測題的一種簡單命題形式。

高考江蘇卷詞句猜測題題量統計

考綱解讀

年份

個數

(1)正確理解文章中單詞或短語的含義是理解文章的第一步也是理解文章的基礎。

(2)英語單詞的含義并非完全等同于詞典中所標注的漢語意思其含義在不同的語境中會有所不同。能根據上下文正確理解靈活變化的詞義才算是真正初步具備了一定的閱讀理解能力。

(3)閱讀文章時常常會遇到一些過去未見過的詞但這類生詞的詞義可以通過上下文推斷出來這是閱讀理解中經常考查的一種能力。

2019

1

2018

2017

2

 

[學生用書P83]

考查特點

.把握詞句猜測題最常見的命題方式:

(1)The phrase“...” in the sentence could be replaced by “________

(2)The underlined word “...” in  paragraph...refers to ________

(3)What is the meaning of the underlined word in the...paragraph/What does the underlined word mean in the...paragraph?

(4)Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the phrase “...”

(5)The underlined word “...” most probably means “________”

(6)The underlined sentence in the second paragraph implies that ________

.掌握詞句猜測題的考查角度:

(1)猜測生詞或熟詞的含義。

(2)猜測短語的意義。

(3)猜測替代詞所替代的內容(itonetheythisthatthesethose)

(4)猜測句意。

 

 詞義猜測題——語境分析猜詞義

無論是直接的詞義猜測題還是文章中需要理解的生詞考生都可以利用構詞法、同義詞、近義詞、反義詞、邏輯關系、定義和解釋、例證、同等關系及生活常識和文化背景等方法猜出單詞或短語的意思這些方法體現了高考對考生的文化品格要求越來越高。掌握了這些方法考生猜測詞義的準確度也會越來越高。

1利用構詞法猜詞義

閱讀中常常會遇到一些由熟悉的單詞派生或合成的新詞考生可以根據構詞法猜測詞義。

構詞法有合成法、派生法和轉換法(即單詞的詞性轉變而詞形不變)

[典例] (2018·北京卷·D片段)A study from the University of California at Davis suggested that replacing petrol-powered private cars worldwide with electric, self-driving and shared systems could reduce carbon emissions from transportation 80% and cut the cost of transportation infrastructure(基礎設施) and operations 40% by 2050. Fewer emissions and cheaper travel sound pretty appealing. The first commercially available driverless cars will almost certainly be fielded by ride-hailing services, considering the cost of self-driving technology as well as liability and maintenance issues(責任與維護問題). But driverless car ownership could increase as the prices drop and more people become comfortable with the technology.

49What does the underlined word “fielded” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

AEmployed.        BReplaced.

CShared.  DReduced.

[解析] A 詞義猜測題。利用構詞法解題。field常用作名詞 表示場地領域此處用作動詞引申為使用應用。根據上段中畫線詞所在句的前半部分內容The first commercially available driverless cars will almost certainly并結合下句中的as the prices drop and more people become comfortable with the technology可知隨著價格的降低以及人們對這項技術開始應用自如第一批上市的無人駕駛車輛會被應用叫車服務中。故選A

2利用同義、近義詞猜詞義

在生詞所出現的上下文中有時會出現與之同義或近義的詞語或結構這時可從熟悉的詞語中推知生詞的含義。表示同義或近義的信號詞/詞組常見的有:andorsimilarlylikewise等。

[典例] (2017·全國卷·A片段)By translating the rich and humorous text of Loves Labours Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

[點撥] 根據上文中的By translating the rich and humorous text of Loves Labours Lost into the physical language of BSL中的translating可知interpretationtranslating同義意為:翻譯

3利用反義詞猜詞義

有時作者會用表示對比或轉折的信號詞連接意思相反的兩個詞或句子這時就可根據反義詞線索猜測詞義。表示對比或反義的信號詞/詞組常見的有:(whether)..orunlikebutyethoweverwhilealthoughneverthelessinsteadrather thanin contraston the contraryon the other hand等。

[典例] (福建卷·E片段)If you’re tired of wandering around the gym wasting time and becoming boredyou can attend an upbeat group fitness class that’ll keep your workout on track.

73The underlined word upbeat in the second paragraph probably means ________”

Acheerful  Baverage

Cserious  Dtemporary

[解析] A 詞義猜測題。根據上文語境可知upbeat應與上文中的tired of意義相反可猜測為快樂的樂觀的故選A

4利用邏輯關系猜詞義

任何一篇文章中的句子在內容上都不是絕對孤立的都跟句子所在的段落及整篇文章有關。考生可以利用上下文提供的情景和線索進行合乎邏輯的綜合分析進而推測詞義。常見的上下文之間的關系有:因果關系、轉折關系、并列關系、遞進關系、解釋關系等。

[典例] (2019·北京卷·D片段)Phytoplankton live at the ocean surface, where they pull carbon dioxide(二氧化碳) into the ocean while giving off oxygen. When these organisms die, they bury carbon in the deep ocean, an important process that helps to regulate the global climate. But phytoplankton are vulnerable to the ocean’s warming trend. Warming changes key characteristics of the ocean and can affect phytoplankton growth, since they need not only sunlight and carbon dioxide to grow, but also nutrients.

43What does the underlined word vulnerable in  Paragraph 3 probably mean?

ASensitive.  BBeneficial.

CSignificant.  DUnnoticeable.

[解析] A 詞義猜測題。根據上段尾句Warming changes key characteristics of the ocean and can affect phytoplankton growth...but also nutrients.可知溫度變化對phytoplankton有很大的影響;由此可推知phytoplankton對海洋的溫度很敏感。故選A

5利用例證猜詞義

為了說明或證實文章中經常會舉例往往用來列舉說明前面較難理解的詞這些例子可以幫助考生猜測生詞。舉例時常常會用一些連接性的詞such aslike, for example, for instance

[典例] (2018·全國卷·C片段)In recent centuries, trade, industrialisation, the development of the nation-state and the spread of universal compulsory education, especially globalisation and better communications in the past few decades, all have caused many languages to disappear, and dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over.

29Which of the following best explains dominant” underlined in paragraph 2?

AComplex.  BAdvanced.

CPowerful.  DModern.

[解析] C 詞義猜測題。根據dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over可知英語、西班牙語和漢語正在替代其他語言。由此推知dominant languages意為強有力的語言。故選C

6利用同等關系猜詞義

同等關系是指一個詞、一個詞組或短語在句中作同一成分而且他們的詞義屬于同一范疇。只要認出其中一個或幾個詞或短語即可以確定同等關系中生詞的詞性、作用和大概的意思。常見的表示同等關系的信號詞有:ornamely, that is, in other words, that is to say, to be more exact, to put in another way等。

[典例] (2018·全國卷·B片段)If you have a_juicer,_you can simply feed in frozen bananas and some berries or sliced fruit. Out comes a softserve creamy dessert, to be eaten right away. This makes a fun activity for a children’s party; they love feeding the fruit and frozen bananas into the top of the machine and watching the ice cream come out below.

26What is a juicer in the last paragraph?

AA dessert.       BA drink.

CA container.  DA machine.

[解析] D 本段對juicer的功能做了描述從其中的you can simply feed in frozen bananas and some berries or sliced fruit. Out comes a softserve creamy dessert...這些字眼可以看出juicer是一種機器是一種將冷凍的香蕉、漿果等制成果汁的機器此外最后一句中的they love feeding the fruit and frozen bananas into the top of the machine and watching the ice cream come out below明確指出畫線詞指的是一種機器(榨汁機)。故選D

7利用生活常識和文化背景猜詞義

[典例] (2019·全國卷·B片段)But he’s nervous. I’m here to tell you today why you should...should... Chris trips on the -ld a pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is next to him, whispering support. ...Vote for...me... Except for some stumbles,_Chris is doing amazingly well. When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

25What does the underlined word stumbles in paragraph 2 refer to?

AImproper pauses.  BBad manners.

CSpelling mistakes.  DSilly jokes.

[解析] A 詞義猜測題。根據文章內容可知老師借助競選演說鼓勵同學們學會贊美自己。文中Chris Palaez的母語不是英語他學英語才三年多說話不流利而且他在演講時非常緊張所以說話磕磕絆絆故選A

 代詞指代題——就近原則判指代

此類題目要求考生根據語境判斷代詞(this, that, it, they, them, one, which)究竟指代什么。

[典例] (2017·全國卷·C片段)Despite the celebrations, though, in the US. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music has failed to connect with younger generations.

Its Jason Morans job to help change that. As the Kennedy Centers artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen the audience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history and culture.

29What does the underlined word that in paragraph 3 refer to?

AJazz becoming more accessible.

BThe production of jazz growing faster.

CJazz being less popular with the young.

DThe jazz audience becoming larger.

第一步 確定題干中的關鍵信息

the_underlined_word_“that”_in_paragraph_3

第二步 定位到原句并找出該詞所代替的內容

the_jazz_audience_continues_to_shrink_and_grow_older,_and_the_music_has_failed_to_connect_with_younger_generations_

第三步 綜合判斷得出答案

由關鍵句可知that指代爵士樂聽眾的數量減少并且趨于老齡化不受年輕人喜歡的現狀。

自主解答:C

代詞指代判斷三法

1返回原文找出指代詞(it, they, them, this)

2向上(有時向下)搜索找最近的名詞、代詞、短語或句子(就近原則)

3將找到的詞、詞組或句子代入替換該指代詞看其意思、邏輯關系是否通順并最終確定最佳答案。 

 句意猜測題——意義吻合定句意

高考閱讀理解有時對某一個句子的外延含義進行考查因此要求考生準確理解前后句所表達的含義巧解句意猜測題。

[典例] (2019·浙江卷6·B片段)Money_with_no_strings_attached. It’s not something you see every day. But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, Give What You Can, Take What You Need.

24What does the expression “money with no strings attached” in paragraph 1 mean?

AMoney spent without hesitation.

BMoney not legally made.

CMoney offered without conditions.

DMoney not tied together.

第一 確定題干中的關鍵信息

“money_with_no_strings_attached”_in_paragraph_1

第二步 定位到原句并找出與該句相關的信息句

Give_What_You_Can,_Take_What_You_Need._

第三步 綜合判斷得出答案

盡你所能取你所需可知此處money_with_no_strings_attached的意思應該是無條件提供錢

自主解答:C

句意猜測兩注意

句意猜測題要求考生通過閱讀文章用合適的語句對其進行解釋性的描述。

1返回原文找到該句對原句進行語法和邏輯關系的準確分析。對需要推理的句意理解首先要理解句子前后的語境其次對此句在文章中的意思進行合理的推斷最后再歸納總結。

2一般來說正確選項的意思與原句的意思完全相同只是用其他的英語詞匯和句式來表達相同的意思。 

[學生用書P85]

(2019·江蘇卷·B)In the 1960swhile studying the volcanic history of Yellowstone National ParkBob Christiansen became puzzled about something thatoddlyhad not troubled anyone beforehe couldn’t find the park’s volcano. It had been known for a long time that Yellowstone was volcanic in nature—that’s what accounted for all its hot springs and other steamy features. But Christiansen couldn’t find the Yellowstone volcano anywhere.

Most of us, when we talk about volcanoes, think of the classic cone(圓錐體) shapes of a Fuji or Kilimanjaro, which are created when erupting magma(巖漿) piles up. These can form remarkably quickly. In 1943, a Mexican farmer was surprised to see smoke rising from a small part of his land. In one week he was the confused owner of a cone five hundred feet high. Within two years it had topped out at almost fourteen hundred feet and was more than half a mile across. Altogether there are some ten thousand of these volcanoes on Earthall but a few hundred of them extinct. There is, however, a second less known type of volcano that doesnt involve mountain building. These are volcanoes so explosive that they burst open in a single big crack, leaving behind a vast hole, the caldera. Yellowstone obviously was of this second type, but Christiansen couldnt find the caldera anywhere.

Just at this time NASA decided to test some new high-altitude cameras by taking photographs of Yellowstone. A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors’ centers. As soon as Christiansen saw the photoshe realized why he had failed to spot the caldera: almost the whole park—2.2 million acres—was caldera. The explosion had left a hole more than forty miles across—much too huge to be seen from anywhere at ground level. At some time in the past Yellowstone must have blown up with a violence far beyond the scale of anything known to humans.

解題導語 本文是一篇說明文。20世紀60年代Bob Christiansen在研究黃石國家公園的火山歷史時對一件以前從未困擾過任何人的事情感到困惑:他找不到公園里的火山。

58What puzzled Christiansen when he was studying Yellowstone?

AIts complicated geographical features.

BIts ever-lasting influence on tourism.

CThe mysterious history of the park.

DThe exact location of the volcano.

D 解析:細節理解題。根據第一段中的Bob Christiansen became puzzled about something that, oddly, had not troubled anyone before: he couldnt find the parks volcano可知Bob Christiansen對黃石國家公園的火山位置感到困惑。

59What does the second paragraph mainly talk about?

AThe shapes of volcanoes.

BThe impacts of volcanoes.

CThe activities of volcanoes.

DThe heights of volcanoes.

A 解析:段落大意題。根據第二段內容尤其是其中的Most of us, when we talk about volcanoes, think of the classic cone(圓錐體) shapes of Fuji or Kilimanjaroa second less known type of volcano that doesnt involve mountain building...a vast hole可知該段主要講兩類火山的形狀。

60What does the underlined word blow-up in the last paragraph most probably mean?

AHot-air balloon.    BDigital camera.

CBig photograph.  DBird’s view.

C 解析:詞義猜測題。根據畫線詞前的NASA decided to...by taking paragraphs of Yellowstone和本段中的As soon as Christiansen saw the photos, he realized why he had failed to spot the caldera: almost the whole park—2.2 million acres—was caldera.可知NASA拍攝了黃石國家公園的照片Christiansen在照片上看到公園的全景。由此可推知blow-up意為放大的照片

[學生用書P86]

A

(2019·無錫教學質量抽測)When she first started learning about the climate change from one of her elders, Fawn Sharp was invited on a helicopter flight over the Olympic Mountains to survey the Mount Anderson glacier. But the glacier was gone, melted by the warming climate. Sharp had a deep sense of loss when she discovered the glacier wasn’t there any more.

Loss is a growing issue for people working and living on the front lines of climate change. And that gave Jennifer Wren Atkinson, a full-time lecturer at the University of Washington Bothell, US, an idea for a class.

This term, she taught students on the Bothell campus about the emotional burdens of environmental study. She used the experiences of Native American tribes, scientists and activists, and asked her 24 students to face the reality that there is no easy fix—that this is such an intractable problem that theyre going to be dealing with it for the rest of their lives.

Student Cody Dillon used to be a climate science skeptic(懷疑論者). Then he did his own reading and research, and changed his mind.

Dillon wasnt going into environmental workhe was a computer-science major. Yet, the potential for a worldwide environmental catastrophe seemed so real to him five years ago that he quit his job and became a full-time volunteer for an environmental group that worked on restoration projects.

Six months into the work, he decided that Atkinsons class was just what he was looking fora place where he could discuss his concerns about a changing climate.

Atkinson said she hoped the class helped her students prepare themselves for the amount of environmental loss that will happen over their lifetimes.

We are already changing the planetso many species are going to be lost, displaced or massively impacted she said. The future isnt going to be what they imagined.

解題導語 本文是一篇新聞報道。文章主要報道了Jennifer Wren Atkinson給同學們上環境研究的情感負擔課意在通過這類課程告訴學生氣候變化日益嚴峻沒人能夠獨善其身因此要更加關注環境問題

1Why did the author mention the case of Fawn Sharp?

ATo lay a basis for Fawn Sharps further research.

BTo prove Fawn Sharps work is similar to Atkinsons.

CTo lead into the issue of loss caused by climate change.

DTo show scientists concern about the Mount Anderson glacier.

C 解析:推理判斷題。根據第一段內容可知Fawn Sharp被邀請乘坐直升機飛越奧林匹克山脈調查Mount Anderson冰川。但是因氣候變暖冰川融化消失了Fawn Sharp 發現冰川已經不在那里時她有一種深深的失落感。由此可推知作者通過Fawn Sharp發現冰山消失以及她的感受來引入氣候變化導致環境損失的主題。故選C

2Whats the main purpose of Atkinsons class?

ATo explore how different people deal with climate change.

BTo get students more concerned about environmental issue.

CTo find solutions to the Olympic Mountains environmental issue.

DTo teach students how to conduct a research about environment.

B 解析:細節理解題。根據倒數第二段Atkinson said she hoped the class helped her students prepare themselves for the amount of environmental loss that will happen over their lifetimes.可知Atkinson的課的主要目的是讓學生更加關注環境問題。故選B

3Which of the following best explains the underlined word “intractable” in paragraph 3?

ASimple.       BDifficult.

CComplicated.  DInteresting.

B 解析:詞義猜測題。根據本句中的and asked her 24 students to face the reality that there is no easy fix可知Atkinson讓她的24名學生面對這樣一個現實:沒有簡單的解決辦法;再根據破折號可知此處表示這是一個如此棘手的問題他們將在余生中處理它。由此可推intractable意為困難的difficult意義相近。故選B

4How did Atkinsons class influence Dillon?

ADillon worked as a part-time volunteer for restoration projects.

BIt made him realize a planet-wide climate disaster would happen.

CIt encouraged him to be more involved in environmental protection.

DIt discouraged him to work on restoration projects for the environment.

C 解析:推理判斷題。根據第五段第二句Yet, the potential for a worldwide environmental catastrophe seemed so real to him five years ago that he quit his job and became a full-time volunteer for an environmental group that worked on restoration projects.可知五年前Dillon認為世界環境災難的可能性是如此真實以至于他辭去了工作成了一名致力于修復項目的環保組織的全職志愿者;又根據第六段Six months into the work, he decided that Atkinsons class was just what he was looking for—a place where he could discuss his concerns about a changing climate.可知工作六個月后他認為Atkinson的課正是他想要的——一個他可以討論他對不斷變化的氣候的擔憂的地方。由此可推知Atkinson的課鼓勵了Dillon更多地參與環境保護。故選C

[長難句分析] Yetthe potential for a worldwide environmental catastrophe seemed so real to him five years ago that he quit his job and became a full-time volunteer for an environmental group that worked on restoration projects.(第五段第二句)

分析:本句是一個復合句。so...(第一個)that...引導結果狀語從句;第二個that引導定語從句修飾先行詞an environmental group

譯文:然而五年前Dillon認為世界環境災難的可能性看起來如此真實以至于他辭去了工作成了一名致力于修復項目的環保組織的全職志愿者。

B

(2019·南京四校聯考)Have you ever caught yourself saying I hate small talk the minute you walk into a party? If so, you might be an introvert(內向的人). Introverts hate to chat about “small” subjects with people. They are fine when you talk one-on-one but seem to get lost in the crowd when there’s a group around.

If youre talking to an introvert, you might find that your first few conversations go one of two ways. Either theyll seem to get bored and not say much or theyll seem to skate over small talk in favor of more in-depth topics. What you need to know is that the introvert are not being rude. It’s just that they don’t like small talk. Here’s why.

Small talk serves as a gateway toward deeper conversations. Some introverts dont realize that small talk will actually help them get to the bigger topics. You don’t need to stay on small talk forever. However, sometimes introverts feel that even the short amount of time it takes to get into the real conversation is a waste of time. Small talk is very fast. Someone says something and this should be followed up with a quick response. But introverts like to chew on their words before saying them aloud. Before they answer, theyll mull_over different thoughts.

Small talk in its very nature invites more people to join in. The more people who join in the conversation, the more the introvert will tend to step back. As a result, theyll be quiet.

Small talk is about throwing out subjects in the hope that one or more of them can be turned into a common point of interest.

The listening involved with small talk is not in-depth. The purpose is about listening lightly so you can figure out the right topics to spend some time on. Introverts tend to be great listeners, but they use active listening rather than light listening. This makes them wonderful friends, but can also make it difficult for new people to understand why theyre so quiet.

解題導語 本文是一篇說明文。文章介紹了內向的人不喜歡閑聊及其原因引導我們正確地認識閑聊的作用并理解內向的人。

5How do introverts respond to a chat?

AThey try to avoid it.

BThey get excited about it.

CThey give it their full attention.

DThey focus on unimportant topics.

A 解析:細節理解題。根據第二段中的Either theyll seem to get bored and not say much or theyll seem to skate over small talk in favor of more in-depth topics.可知性格內向者要么很厭煩不想多說要么避免閑談。故選A項。

6What do we know about small talk?

AIt goes slowly.

BIt costs people a lot of time.

CIt contributes to deeper topics.

DIt provides much useful information.

C 解析:細節理解題。根據第三段中的Small talk serves as a gateway toward deeper conversations. Some introverts dont realize that small talk will actually help them get to the bigger topics.可知閑聊有助于引出更深層次的話題。故選C項。

7What does the underlined phrase “mull over” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

AGive up.  BThink over.

CWrite down.  DForget about.

B 解析:詞義猜測題。根據第三段中的But introverts like to chew on their words before saying them aloud.可知內向的人喜歡在說話前仔細斟酌也就是說他們回答前會仔細考慮不同的想法。think over意為認真考慮符合語境。give up意為放棄write down意為寫下;記下forget about意為忘記。故選B項。

8How can we become a good talker in small conversations?

AFigure out the deep meaning of questions.

BThink twice before answering questions.

CTry to find shared topics.

DBe a quiet listener.

C 解析:推理判斷題。根據倒數第二段Small talk is about throwing out subjects in the hope that one or more of them can be turned into a common point of interest.可知想要成為一個健談的人需要找到共同的話題。故選C項。

[長難句分析] However, sometimes introverts feel that even the short amount of time it takes to get into the real conversation is a waste of time.(第三段第四句)

分析:本句是一個主從復合句句子主語為introverts, feel是謂語that引導賓語從句作feel的賓語;賓語從句中the short amount of time is a waste of time 是句子主干 it takes to get into the real conversation是定語從句修飾限定先行詞the short amount of time, 從句中省略了引導詞。

譯文:然而有時候性格內向者感覺甚至用很短的時間來進入真正的談話都是浪費時間。

詞句猜測題[學生用書P149(單獨成冊)]

(建議用時:25分鐘)

A

(2019·常州學業水平監測)The pumpkin(南瓜) theme is everywhere at Butler’s Orchard in Germantown, Maryland. It has thousands of pumpkins, including a pumpkin patch where people can pick their own pumpkin. There are also other things to do, like riding a pony, rushing down a slide or walking around a corn maze with its confusing winding pathways. Some children discover the big orange fruits way more than they think. Visitors can pick their own in season fruits, vegetables and flowers. Butlers Orchard opened more than sixty years ago, as one of the first pick your own farms in the area.

Ken Merriam brought his children. He says Butlers Orchard brings back good memories of growing up on a farm in Honduras.It’s a little bit of what I used to have as a kid, so thats why I think its nice to bring them over here. Get them out of the city. Shirley Butlers grandchildren who are in their 30s are now the third generation to run the farm. General manager Tyler Butler says children who usually only see pumpkins in grocery stores can learn how pumpkins are grown.

I didnt know pumpkins came from a vine. There are flowers on this vine. There are roots.These little girls are learning about pumpkins during their first trip to a pumpkin patch to feel the nature and the fruits. For Tristan Piazza’s mother, the Fall Festival is an annual event. My parents have always brought me. I bring my kid now. I hope he stays in the area and he can bring his kids. Since family funds are hard to keep_afloat these days, Tyler Butler appreciates the tens of  thousands of visitors who come to the Fall Festival each year.

解題導語 本文主要介紹了Butler自助果園的一些活動項目和它對于他人的家庭所起到的獨一無二的作用。

1At Butlers Orchard, visitors can experience ________.

Apicking vegetables in person

Bgrowing vegetables by themselves

Ctasting fruits off season

Dselling pumpkins online

A 解析:細節理解題。根據第一段倒數第二句Visitors can pick their own in season fruits, vegetables and flowers.可知游客可以在Butler果園里親自采摘當令的水果、蔬菜和鮮花。故選A項。

2Why did Ken Merriam take his children to the farm?

AThey want to run it.

BThey want to grow vegetables.

CIt reminds him of his childhood.

DIt provides them with fun activities.

C 解析:細節理解題。根據第二段第二句He says Butlers Orchard brings back good memories of growing up on a farm in Honduras.可知他帶孩子來這里是因為這里讓他想起了他的童年。故選C項。

3Which of the following best explains “keep afloat”underlined in the last paragraph?

AGuarantee.       BEarn.

CExpand.  DSpend.

A 解析:詞義猜測題。根據對畫線短語所在句的理解可知本句是說果園的經營者對來果園參加節日活動的游客表示感激因為這些日子果園的資金有些周轉不開由此可推知畫線短語和guarantee保證含義相近。故選A項。

4Whats the main idea of the passage?

AThe Fall Festival is an annual event.

BPumpkins at Butlers Orchard are organic.

CPick your own farms are increasingly popular.

DButlers Orchard strengthens the bond of the family.

D 解析:主旨大意題。通讀全文可知文章主要介紹了Butler果園的一些活動項目和它在鞏固他人家庭關系上發揮的作用。故D項最能概括文意。

[長難句分析] It has thousands of pumpkins, including a pumpkin patch where people can pick their own pumpkin.(第一段第二句)

分析:本句是一個主從復合句。主句是It has thousands of pumpkins, 后面的動名詞短語作狀語狀語中含有where 引導的定語從句修飾先行詞a pumpkin patch, where在從句中作地點狀語。

譯文:這個果園有成千上萬的南瓜包括一個南瓜地在那里人們可以采摘他們自己的南瓜。

B

When I was a kid, I was the girl who kept the training wheels on my bike as long as possible. Even my younger sister had got rid of them much earlier than me. But as I began to grow older, this changed.

All this happened on the Bike Safety Day. It is supposed to be a fun day at school when all of us kids bring our bikes to school and the school provides us with the opportunity to ride outside and learn proper bike safety. Sounds like fun, right? No. In fact, it caused me to panic. What was I going to say when my friends asked me about my training wheels?

With the pressure of everyone seeing my training wheels, I determined to let them go. This was the first big change Id ever made on my own.

I went to my parents and told them all about my dilemma. They were more than happy to help. We went outside and got my bike. Instead of running away and hiding behind, I stood in front of my bike and took great pride in my decision as my dad removed the training wheels.

I got on and steadied myself. My heart raced but my feet and hands were calm. My dad started to push before my feet even moved and suddenly I was off. The fear faded away and a relaxed mind came into its place. It was crazy to think how quickly I learned something that took so long for me to even try!

My confidence soared(高漲). This was going to be the start of a brand new world for me. My accomplishment would carry me forth to new goals and wins. I realized that if I set my mind on doing something, I could achieve it.

解題導語 本文講述了作者小時候遲遲不敢去掉自行車的穩定輪在學校自行車安全日來臨之前因為害怕同學看見她的穩定輪而最終下決心去掉它們。

5What does the school expect the students to do on Bike Safety Day?

AHave their bikes checked.

BRide outside for fun.

CAcquire bike safety skills.

DRemove the training wheels.

C 解析:細節理解題。根據第二段中的the school provides us with the opportunity to ride outside and learn proper bike safety可知學校想讓學生在自行車安全日學會一些自行車安全技能故選C項。

6What does the underlined word “them” in paragraph 3 refer to?

AThe authors friends.  BThe authors parents.

CThe safety problems.  DThe training wheels.

D 解析:代詞指代題。根據語境及畫線詞所在句的前半部分With the pressure of everyone seeing my training wheels可知作者迫于害怕別人看見自己的自行車穩定輪的壓力才決心去掉它們故畫線詞指的就是穩定輪故選D項。

7What happened when the author finally rode without the training wheels?

AShe felt extremely embarrassed.

BEverything turned out to be easy.

CShe ended up falling down.

DHer sisters followed her example.

B 解析:推理判斷題。根據倒數第二段最后一句It was crazy to think how quickly I learned something that took so long for me to even try可知長時間不敢嘗試的東西作者竟學得很快由此對于作者來說騎沒有穩定輪的自行車后事情變得容易了故選B項。

8What does the author think is necessary for her to achieve a goal?

APatience.       BDetermination.

CPressure.  DConcentration.

B 解析:推理判斷題。根據最后一段最后一句I realized that if I set my mind on doing something, I could achieve it.可知作者意識到如果自己下定決心做一件事的話自己就會做到。由此可推知作者認為對于她來說實現一個目標的關鍵在于決心故選B項。

[長難句分析] When I was a kid, I was the girl who kept the training wheels on my bike as long as possible.(第一段第一句)

分析:本句是一個主從復合句。I was the girl為句子的主干;句中When引導時間狀語從句;who引導定語從句修飾the girl

譯文:當我還是個孩子的時候我是那個把自行車的穩定輪盡可能長時間地留在我的自行車上的女孩。

C

 

One form of social prejudice against older people is the belief that they cannot understand or use modern technology. Activities like playing computer games and going on the Net are only for the youngsters. Isn’t it unfair that older people enjoying a computer game should be frowned upon by their children and grandchildren?

Nowadays older people have more control over their lives and they play a full part in society. Moreover, better health care has left more people in their sixties and seventies feeling fit and active after retirement. Mental activity, as well as physical exercise, can contribute to better health. Playing computer games is a very effective way of exercising the brain.

When personal computers were first introduced, most older people didnt believe they would ever familiarize themselves with it. Now computers have been around for a few generations and retired people have gradually become more relaxed about using them for fun. Gamers over 65 prefer playing puzzle games and card games. Kate Stevens, aged 72, says, I find it very relaxing. Its not very demanding, but you still need to concentrate.

Another development that has favored grey gamers is a change in the type of videogames available on the market. Theres a greater variety of games to choose from, including more intellectual and complex strategy and simulation(模擬) games. Internet Chess and Train Simulator are among the most popular of these. Train Simulator is based on real-world activities. Players can choose from a variety of challengers, such as keeping to a strict-timetable and using helper engines during a winter storm.

Some people argue that grey gamers simply dont have the skills required for computer games, and that teenagers are better. This_couldnt_be_further_from_the_truth. Most computer games require the kind of analytical thinking that improves with practice, which means that the grey gamers may well be far better than gamers half a century younger than them. In games where speed is the main consideration, older people would be at a disadvantage because they may have slower reaction time. On the other hand, grey gamers have a preference for slower paced, mind challenging games.

解題導語 本文是一篇說明文。文章分析了當今老年人的身心狀況、社會地位以及他們在電腦游戲方面的優秀表現等。

9What is the purpose of paragraph 2?

ATo show the best way to exercise the brain.

BTo stress the importance of good health.

CTo explain why grey gamers exist.

DTo teach how to play videogames.

C 解析:寫作意圖題。根據第二段可知當今的老年人對自己的生活有更多的支配權。更好的醫療保健讓他們即便六七十歲仍然身體硬朗。不僅身心方面的鍛煉有助于健康而且玩電腦游戲也有助于鍛煉大腦。由此可知對于老年人來說玩電腦是很正常的活動。所以第二段是為了說明為什么現在有很多老齡游戲玩家的存在。故C項正確。

10What was older peoples attitude towards personal computers at first?

ADoubtful.       BConcerned.

CEnthusiastic.  DSupportive.

A 解析:觀點態度題。根據第三段第一句When personal computers were first introduced, most older people didnt believe they would ever familiarize themselves with it.可知老年人起初對電腦持懷疑態度。故A項正確。

11Which method does the author use to develop paragraph 4?

AOffering analyses.  BGiving examples.

CMaking comparisons.  DProviding details.

B 解析:寫作手法題。通讀第四段可知第四段首句講另一個有利于老齡玩家的發展是在市場上可找到的電子游戲的類型的改變然后通過舉例介紹了Internet ChessTrain Simulator這樣的游戲。所以作者采用了舉例說明的方法。故B項正確。

12What does the author mean by saying This couldn’t be further from the truth. in paragraph 5?

AMind challenging games are not suitable for older people.

BChildren should improve their skills with practice.

CPlaying computer games requires analytical thinking.

DOlder people can perform well in some computer games.

D 解析:句意理解題。根據畫線句前面的內容可知有些人認為老齡玩家不具備電腦游戲所需要的技巧而年輕人就好多了;再根據其后面的內容可知大多數電腦游戲都需要一種經過實踐不斷改進的分析能力這意味著老齡玩家可能比年輕玩家要優秀得多。由此可推知畫線句的意思是對其前內容的否定即老年人在一些電腦游戲中表現很不錯。故D項正確。

[長難句分析] Playing computer games is a very effective way of exercising the brain.(第二段最后一句)

分析:Playing computer games為動名詞短語作主語謂語動詞用單數形式。

譯文:玩電腦游戲是鍛煉大腦的一種非常有效的方式。

 

關注“教習網”公眾號

打開微信就能找資料

免費資料下載額度不足,請先充值

每充值一元即可獲得5份免費資料下載額度

今日免費資料下載份數已用完,請明天再來。

充值學貝或者加入云校通,全網資料任意下。

提示

您所在的“深圳市第一中學”云校通為試用賬號,試用賬號每位老師每日最多可下載 10 份資料 (今日還可下載 0 份),請取消部分資料后重試或選擇從個人賬戶扣費下載。

您所在的“深深圳市第一中學”云校通為試用賬號,試用賬號每位老師每日最多可下載10份資料,您的當日額度已用完,請明天再來,或選擇從個人賬戶扣費下載。

您所在的“深圳市第一中學”云校通余額已不足,請提醒校管理員續費或選擇從個人賬戶扣費下載。

重新選擇
明天再來
個人賬戶下載
下載確認
您當前為云校通用戶,下載免費
下載需要:
本次下載:免費
賬戶余額:0 學貝
首次下載后15天內可免費重復下載
立即下載
  • 充值下載
  • 掃碼直接下載
  • 下載需要:0 學貝 賬戶剩余:0 學貝
    詳情
    學貝可用于下載教習網 400萬 精選資源 ,今日更新資源 4609
  • 詳情
    想免費下載此資料?完善資料,立得50學貝
    邀請好友助力,免費下載這份資料

    下載成功,按 Ctrl + Shift + J 查看文件保存位置

    若下載不成功,可重新下載,或查看資料下載幫助

    95%的老師還下載了以下成套資源

    歡迎來到教習網

    • 400萬優選資源,讓備課更輕松
    • 600萬優選試題,支持自由組卷
    • 高質量可編輯,日均更新2000+
    • 百萬教師選擇,專業更值得信賴
    微信掃碼注冊
    qrcode

    微信掃碼,快速注冊

    注冊可領 50 學貝

    手機號注冊注冊可領 50 學貝
    手機號碼

    手機號格式錯誤

    手機驗證碼 獲取驗證碼

    手機驗證碼已經成功發送,5分鐘內有效

    設置密碼

    6-20個字符,數字、字母或符號

    注冊即視為同意教習網「注冊協議」「隱私條款」
    QQ注冊
    手機號注冊
    微信注冊

    注冊成功

    免費下載這份資料

    當前資料價值0元

    下載需支付0學貝

    掃碼邀請0名好友關注我們即可免費下載

    微信掃一掃,將圖片發送給好友

    每邀請1人關注教習網即可獲得5學貝,學貝秒到賬,多邀多得無上限,在個人中心查看學貝明細

    返回
    頂部
    日韩人妻无码中文视频