(人教版)2019屆高考英語一輪復習練習案：必修五 Unit 1 (含解析)展開
必修五 Unit 1
1．Always read the instructions (instruct) on the bottle carefully and take the right amount of medicine.
2．In conclusion (conclude), I would like to say how much I have enjoyed myself today.
3．Mark is a cautious (caution) shopper who always does some careful research on the market before he buys something valuable.
4．When he came back three hours later，they were still sitting on the sofa， absorbed (absorb) in conversation.
5．It is so challenging (challenge) a job that I can't finish it on my own.
6．Children，when exposed (expose) to an English-speaking atmosphere, will pick up the language much more easily.
7．He made an apology to me for his not attending (attend) the concert on time.
8．It may not be a great suggestion.But before a better one is put forward ， we'll make do with it.
9．Whenever he didn't perform well in his studies, he would blame his failure on carelessness.
10．Although her relatives didn't think she could live for three months，the old doctor finally cured her of her disease.
1．It makes a sense to work on the problem before it gets out of control. 去掉a
2．Neither the teacher nor the students is content with the result. is→are
3．He was struck by the beauty for the first time he visited Guilin. 去掉for
4．Although defeating in the match, we didn't lose heart. defeating→defeated
5．When I opened the door, I found my father sitting in his chair, completely absorbing in the newspaper. absorbing→absorbed
答案：After reading Lucy's letter，I drew a conclusion that she was honest.
答案：Being exposed to the sunlight for too long will be harmful/do harm to your skin.
3.人人皆知他應該為此受到責備。(be to blame)
答案：Everybody knows that he is to blame for this.
答案：I can't help laughing every time I hear the joke.
5．強迫自己學習是毫無意義的。(There is no sense in...)
答案：There is no sense in forcing yourself to study.
Most teenagers in the United States spend their time trying to make time for school, family and friends. But some choose bigger goals.
At age 15，Winter Vinecki has already had more successes than most people have in their lifetime.“I recently completed a marathon on all seven continents and became the youngest person in the world to do so. And I was really doing this for my dad.”
Doctors discovered that Winter's father had a rare and deadly form of prostate(前列腺)cancer when she was nine years old. Then he died 10 months later.“When he was first diagnosed(診斷)with prostate cancer I immediately knew I had to do something to help him.That's when I formed Team Winter for prostate cancer research and awareness.”
Through Team Winter and social media，Winter Vinecki has raised almost 500,000 dollars.She has taken prostate cancer education worldwide through foot races called marathons，on seven continents.In the United States she travels continually to talk about prostate cancer and urge others to act.
Winter Vinecki attended a conference recently in Los Angeles，California and spoke at the conference as one of several teenagers who spoke about young people who were living extraordinary lives.
“So prostate cancer is much more common but men don't want to talk about it.So that is why a ten-year-old girl had to go out there and start talking about it for them.”
Another speaker was Jack Andraka who invented a sensor which is not as expensive as traditional equipment that can't be afforded by most common people. It can identify cancers of the pancreas(胰腺)and lungs. He was 15 at the time.
Jack is now 17 and seeking patents(專利)for his latest inventions. He has developed low-cost water quality equipment which can help identify and remove heavy metals and poisonous chemicals from water.
“I hope to see them used in the developing nations such as Bangladesh and parts of China and India，especially as well as in parts of Africa，where these heavy metals and pesticides(農藥)and other kinds of waste are a major problem.”
1．We can learn that Winter Vinecki's father died ________ .
A．about 5 years ago
B．not long ago this year
C．only 10 months ago
D．when she was about 15
2．Winter Vinecki took part in marathons mainly to ______ .
A．try to realize her father's last wish
B．receive education about prostate cancer
C．spread knowledge of prostate cancer
D．raise money for patients with cancer
3．From what Winter Vinecki said at the conference，it can be inferred that ________ .
A．it's more proper for children to talk about prostate cancer
B．she had to do what others didn't want to do after her father died
C．most people don't know prostate cancer because it is a rare disease
D．several teenagers there supported her by speaking about prostate cancer
4．What do you know about Jack Andraka's new invention?
A．It was invented when he was 15.
B．It is widely used in developing countries.
C．It is designed to make polluted water cleaner.
D．It is under improvement because it costs too much.
1．A [細節理解題。根據第二段“At age 15，Winter Vinecki has already had more successes than most people have in their lifetime.”和第三段“...Winter's father had a rare and deadly form of prostate cancer when she was nine years old.Then he died 10 months later.”可知，溫特現在15歲，她的爸爸在她9歲時被診斷為前列腺癌，10個月后就去世了，由此可知她爸爸是在大約5年前去世的。]
2．C [推理判斷題。根據第三段“That's when I formed Team Winter for prostate cancer research and awareness.”和第四段“She has taken prostate cancer education worldwide through foot races called marathons，on seven continents.”可知，溫特組建了Team Winter，然后通過馬拉松把前列腺癌的知識帶到了全世界，由此可推知，她參加馬拉松的目的是要傳播前列腺癌的知識。]
4．C [細節理解題。根據倒數第二段“...which can help identify and remove heavy metals and poisonous chemicals from water.”可知，杰克的新發明可以去除水中的重金屬和有毒化學物質，即讓水更干凈。]
Gratitude makes your life better
1__ And thankfulness and appreciation are the pathway to happiness and well-being. Gratitude keeps us focused on what is already good in your lives，and opens up the doorway to more goodness to flow into our lives.Gratitude does make your life better in the following ways.
You feel more satisfied.
Not completely happy with your life？Gratitude is a lasting feeling that lasts longer than other sensations. __2__ When you practice gratitude，you take time to appreciate the things that you're thankful for in your life.
When you say “thank you” to someone，they feel that you appreciate what they did for you，even if just a little bit.Saying “thank you” is therefore a powerful motivator for others to keep helping you again.Have you ever noticed how you feel when someone doesn't appreciate what you did for them? __4__ The words，thank you，go a long way.You can never show someone enough gratitude.
Grateful people are happier.They're more in tune with what's going well in their lives and focus more on the positive. __5__ It's very enjoyable to recognize the things that you might have been taking for granted，and to feel happy for having them in your life.
A．You help others.
B．You motivate others.
C．They won't thank you after you help them.
D．It makes you not want to help them again in the future.
E．When you actually count your blessings，it puts you in a positive and uplifting mood.
F．Gratitude is the feeling of being thankful and showing appreciation for what you have in your lives.
G．Grateful people are more satisfied with their lives because they focus more on what they appreciate in their life.
1．解析：F [根據下文提到thankfulness and appreciation are the pathway to happiness and well-being感激和欣賞是快樂和幸福的途徑，故選F感恩是對于生活的感激和對于現有生活的欣賞。]
2．解析：G [根據上文提到Gratitude is a lasting feeling that lasts longer than other sensations感恩比其他的感覺更長久，故選G感恩的人們對于生活更滿意因為他們專注于生活中欣賞的事物。]
3．解析：B [根據下文提到When you say “thank you” to someone，they feel that you appreciate what they did for you，even if just a little bit當你對某人說感謝時，他們感覺你感激他們為你所做的，即使是小小的行為，故選B你可以激勵他人。]
4．解析：D [根據上文提到Have you ever noticed how you feel when someone doesn't appreciate what you did for them？當有人不感激你所做的時，你注意到自己是什么樣的感覺了嗎？故選D這會讓你在未來不再想幫他們。]
5．解析：E [根據上文提到They're more in tune with what's going well in their lives and focus more on the positive“積極的態度”可知與E項中的positive相吻合，故選E項。]
(2018·廈門質量檢測)China's most famous wall may have been built to keep people away，but a new kind of wall is bringing people a lot 1. ________ (close)together.
On January 29，hooks and hangers appeared on the side of a Qingdao building under the words：“If you need it，take it.”This “wall of 2. ________ (kind)，”the creation of local charity Chuangyi Workshop,3. ________ (invite)passers-by to leave their spare warm clothes and encourages those 4. ________ are in need to take them.
“It is just like what you do at home. You hang your clothes when you get home.You take them down 5. ________ put them on when you go out，”said Wang Lei，director of Chuangyi Workshop.6. ________ (inspire) by a similar plan in Iran，she put it into practice in China as the country experienced 7. ________ (it)coldest winter in decades.
Wang and her colleagues receive lots of clothes from people，especially in winter.She 8. ________ (touch)by people's generosity.“Some of the clothing is almost new.I don't even have to wash my hands 9. ________ sorting it.”
Many such walls have also appeared in several other Chinese 10. ________ (city)．This simple way of helping people is now making a big difference to society.
答案：1.closer 2.kindness 3.invites 4.who
5．and 6.Inspired 7.its 8.is touched 9.after 10.cities