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2019版高考英語一輪優化探究（話題部分）練習：話題14 必修4 Unit 2 Working the land(含解析)展開
A new study by the British government has discovered the mental health of the country's teenage girls has become worse.
The survey, which included 30,000 14-year-old students in 2005 and 2014, showed 37 percent of girls with psychological stress, up from 34 percent in 2005. British boys' stress level was actually seen to fall over the same time period, from 17 percent to 15 percent.
The report's authors pointed out the “advent of the social media age” could be a major contributing factor for increased stress among teenage British girls.
“The adolescent years are a time of rapid physical，cognitive (認知的) and emotional development，”Pam Ramsden, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom, wrote in a recent blog post.“Teenagers interact with people in order to learn how to become competent (有能力的)adults. In the past, they would engage with parents, teachers and other adults in their community as well as extended family members and friends. Now we can also add social media to that list of social and emotional development.”
Throughout adolescence, girls and boys develop characteristics like confidence and self-control. Since teenage brains have not completely developed, teens don't have the cognitive awareness and impulse (沖動)control to keep from posting inappropriate content. Furthermore, this content can easily be spread far and wide with disastrous influences.
Social media can also feed into girls' insecurities about their appearance, Ramsden said. These sites are often filled with images of people with body type unattainable to the normal person. However, these images and the messages tied to them gradually become societal standards.
1．The statistics in the second paragraph show that .
A．more and more children in Britain have mental health problems
B．few girls in Britain suffered from psychological stress in 2005
C．more boys in Britain are suffering from mental pressure now
D．more British girls feel psychologically stressed than boys do now
2．Contrary to traditional ways of interaction, social media .
A．helps teenagers develop qualities like confidence and self-control
B．has many negative effects on girls' characteristic development
C．makes teens aware of potential danger of the inappropriate content
D．teaches girls to care about their appearance to meet societal standards
解析：細節理解題。根據第五段的最后一句“Furthermore，this content can easily be spread far and wide with disastrous influences.”和最后一段第一句的“Social media can also feed into girls' insecurities about their appearance”可知，由于青少年的思想還不成熟，自控能力有限，社交媒體對英國少女的心理健康和她們對外表美丑的判斷產生了消極的影響。故B項正確。
3．The underlined word “advent” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by “ ”．
A teacher from Relax Kids in Tamworth, the UK, used two apples to show her students the damaging and often unseen consequences of bullying. And her post about the powerful lesson has gone viral.
Rosie Dutton explained that during one of her classes she introduced two red apples to the children. What the kids didn't know was that prior to the lesson, Dutton had repeatedly dropped one of the apples on the floor. And yet, on the outside at least, both apples looked perfect.“I picked up the apple I'd dropped on the floor and started to tell the children how I disliked this apple, and that I thought it was disgusting, it was a horrible colour and the stem was just too short，”Dutton wrote.
She then encouraged the students to do the same. Some of the children looked at her like she was “crazy”， but the students passed the apple around the circle, calling it names.
Continuing the exercise, the teacher then passed the second apple around the circle. This apple, however, was showered with comments like “Your skin is beautiful！” and “What a beautiful colour you are！”
Dutton then showed the students and both apples once again，highlighting that “there was no change, and both apples still looked the same.”
That is, until she cut them open. “The apple we'd said unkind words to was bruised and all mushy inside，” she said. There was，she said, an immediate “light bulb” moment for her students. “They really got it. What we saw inside that apple is what is happening inside everyone of us when someone mistreats us with their words or actions.”
Dutton explained how important it is to teach children to stand up for one another, and to stop any form of bullying.
“Let's create a generation of kind caring children，” the teacher wrote. “The tongue has no bones, but is strong enough to break a heart. So be careful with your words.”
4．What had the teacher done to the first apple before the lesson?
A．She had introduced it to the kids.
B．She had damaged it purposely.
C．She had made it look perfect.
D．She had coloured it brightly.
解析：細節理解題。根據第二段第二句“What the kids didn't know was that prior to the lesson，Dutton had repeatedly dropped one of the apples on the floor.”可知答案為B項。
5．What does the underlined part “calling it names” in Paragraph 3 mean?
A．Saying rude things. B．Making fun of it.
C．Cheering for it. D．Shouting at it.
解析：詞義猜測題。根據倒數第三段第二句中的“said unkind words to”可知答案為A項(辱罵)。
6．What did the teacher instruct the kids to do with the second apple?
A．Drop it. B．Praise it.
C．Ignore it. D．Observe it.
解析：細節理解題。根據第四段中“Your skin is beautiful！”and“What a beautiful colour you are！”可知那位老師讓那些孩子贊美第二個蘋果，故答案為B項。
7．What's the purpose of the teacher's using two apples in class?
A．To draw the kids' attention.
B．To explain her personal preferences.
C．To make a comparison between them.
D．To help the kids understand the results of bullying.
You may have grown up living with sisters and brothers, or this may be your first time to share your living space with someone else. 1 However, it can also be a great part of your college experience. Follow these tips to make sure you and your roommate keep things pleasant and supportive throughout the year.
Be clear from the beginning.
Maybe you hate it when someone interrupts you when you are sleeping every morning. Maybe you need ten minutes to yourself before talking to anyone after you wake up. 2 It's not fair to expect him or her to pick up on them right away, and communicating what you need is one of the best ways to get rid of problems before they become problems.
This may seem simple, but it's probably one of the biggest reasons why roommates experience conflicts. Don't you think he'll mind if you borrow his shoes for a quick soccer game? For all you know, you just stepped over the line. Don't borrow, use, or take anything without getting permission first.
Be open to change.
You should expect to learn, grow and change during your time at school. 4 As the term progresses, you should realize things will change for both of you. Be comfortable addressing things that unexpectedly come up, setting new rules, and being flexible to your changing environment.
Follow the golden rule.
5 No matter what your relationship is at the end of the year, you can take comfort knowing you acted like an adult and treated your roommate with respect.
A．Respect your roommate's things.
B．Let your roommate know about your preferences.
C．Treat your roommate like you'd like to be treated.
D．Living with a roommate is really a wonderful thing.
E．Having a roommate surely has its challenges.
F．You should correct your bad habits first.
G．And the same should happen to your roommate, if all goes well.
2．解析：根據設空處后的“It's not fair to expect him or her to pick up on them right away，and communicating what you need is one of the best ways to get rid of problems before they become problems.”可知，指望他們能立即察覺出你的喜好是不公平的。告知他們你的需要是在問題出現前就把問題解決掉的最佳方法之一，故設空處應選B項。
5．解析：根據主題句中的“the golden rule”，再根據設空處后的內容可知答案為C項。
When Dad told me I was going to take a scuba diver training course, I was really excited. I thought I'd be like those people on TV，1. (play) with fish.
In the pool, Rob, my instructor, demanded that we do what he did. One of the drills
2. (be) to take our masks off at the bottom of the deep end，replace them，
3. clear them of water. I wasn't doing that because I couldn't open my eyes underwater or keep water out of my nose. I 4. (terrify) and made excuse after excuse about 5. I couldn't do it. Rob walked over and said, “Alaya, you don't have to do this if you don't want to. Nobody is forcing you.”Though I said I wasn't going to do it, my
6. (foot) carried me toward the pool.
With my eyes tightly 7. (close), I dived in and made my way to
8. other end. The water felt unnatural against my face. I 9. (quick) threw on my mask and started clearing it of water. Rob gave me thumbs up. I learned a big lesson: there is nothing to fear but fear 10. (it)．
4．解析：be terrified表示“感到害怕”，再結合下文的made可知，應填was terrified。