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中考英語一輪復習閱讀理解習題選(6)含答案

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中考英語閱讀理解習題選(6)及答案

【實戰訓練】 A

中考教育類選練

Almost every Chinese person can recite the two lines of the famous poem. "Every grain on the plate comes from hard work (難知盤中餐, 粒粒皆辛苦) ". But sadly, many of us don't actually get the real meaning of these lines: Don't waste food.

    A CCTV program, News One Plus One, reported that food Chinese people throw away every year is enough to feed 200 million people for a year.

    Do we have too much food? No, according to the UN World Food Program, there were 925 million hungry people around the world in 2010, especially in developing countries. Six million children die of hunger every year.

   Chinese people are well known for being generous (慷慨的) . Many even feel that they lose face if their guests have eaten all the food on the table.

   Luckily, a number of people have realized the importance of saving food. Last November, Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Nanjing, got fired (開除) because she took some leftover (剩余的) food home for her son. Many people stood by her side and agreed that it was not right to waste food.

   What should we do in our daily lives to waste less food? Here are some tips:

1. Do not order (定購) too much in a restaurant. Only order what you want to eat. If you cannot eat all the food you ordered, take the rest of it home.

2. Don't be too picky(挑剔的) about food. Some food may not taste great. But your body needs it.

3. Keep an eye on what food you have at home. Don't buy too much, especially for vegetables and fruit.

1. According to News One Plus One, Chinese people __________.

A. save food enough to feed 200 million people for a year.

B. throw away lots of food every year.

C. get enough food to feed millions of people every year.

D. have to feed 200 million hungry people every year.

2. In the third paragraph, we know that __________.

A. we have too much food to feed people in the world.

B. there were 925 million people in developing countries.

C. because of hunger, six million children die every year.

D. there are only a few people getting hungry every year.3

3. In the fourth and fifth paragraphs, we can conclude (得出結論) that __________

  A. all Chinese people are generous.

  B. Chinese people always waste food.

  C. U Hong got fired because she wasted food.

  D. everyone should get into the habit of saving food.

4. What should we do to save food in our daily lives?

  A. When we order too much food in a restaurant, just take the leftover food home.

  B. Eat more food that doesn't taste great.

  C. We should not buy vegetables and fruit.

D. We should keep an eye on the food we like.

5. What's the main topic of the passage?

A. Don't waste food.

  B. Many people die of hungry.

  C. Don't be picky about food.

D. Eat all the food you order.

參考答案1B 2C 3D 4A 5A

 

【實戰訓練】 B

中考英語閱讀理解分類練習:教育類 

Study Books

Learning How to Learn $24.99
Children who read this book show great interest in study. The pictures will help them understand it easily and quickly.

Basic Study Manual $38.50
Read this book and learn:
What the three barriers (障礙)to study are and what to do about them.
What to do if you are fed up with a subject.
Children read it to improve the ability to study.

How to Use a Dictionary for Children $35.00
Read this book and learn:
How to find words in a dictionary.
What the different marks in a dictionary mean.
How to use a dictionary to pronounce words correctly.
Buy this book and help children unlock their education. What’s more, you’ll just pay (支付)50% for it before July 1, 2014.

【小題1According to the ads, these three books are for ___________.

Amen Bparents Cchildren Dwomen

【小題2The pictures in the book Learning How to Learn can_________.

Amake the book beautiful

Bmake the children draw beautifully

Cmake the book sell well

Dmake the children understand the book easily

【小題3_______ can tell you the meaning of the different marks in a dictionary.

A. Learning How to Learn

B. Study skills for Life

C Basic Study Manual

D.How to Use a Dictionary for Children

【小題4If you buy the three books on June 18,2014, you will have to pay______for them.

A$98.49 B$49.25 C$80.99 D$79.24

【小題5The purpose(目的)of the passage is to _______.

Asell the three books to children

Bhelp children learn English

Chelp children learn about nature

Duse a dictionary to pronounce correctly

 

【實戰訓練】 C

In England, people often talk about the weather because they can experience (經歷) four seasons in one day. In the morning the weather is warm just like in spring. An hour later black clouds come and then it rains hard. The weather gets a little cold. In the late afternoon the sky will be sunny, the sun will begin to shine, and it will be summer at this time of a day.

 In England, people can also have summer in winter, or have winter in summer. So in winter they can swim sometimes, and in summer sometimes they should take warm clothes.

When you go to England, you will see that some English people usually take an umbrella ()or a raincoat with them in the sunny morning, but you should not laugh at them.

 If you don't take an umbrella or a raincoat, you will regret (后悔) later in the day.

1. Why do people in England often talk about the weather?

A. Because they may have four seasons in one day

B. Because they often have very good weather

C. Because the weather is warm just like in spring

D. Because the sky is sunny all day

2. From the story we know that when _________come, there is a heavy rain.

A. sunshine and snow B. black clouds

C. summer and winter D. spring and autumn

3. "People can also have summer in winter." Means "it is sometimes too ______in winter."

A. warm B. cool C. cold D. rainy

4. In the sunny morning some English people usually take a raincoat or an umbrella with them because ________.

A. their friends ask them to do so B. it often rains in England

C. they are going to sell them D. they are their favourite things

5. The best title (標題)for this passage is ________.

A. Bad Seasons B. Summer or Winter

C. The Weather in England D. Strange English People

參考答案KEY:   ABABC

 

【實戰訓練】 D

(中考教育類選練)

A famous teacher was speaking to the students at our school. He began his lesson by holding up a ¥100 bill. Then he said to the three hundred students, “Who would like this ¥100 bill?” The students began to put up their hands at once.

Then he said, “I am going to give this ¥100 to one of you, but first, let me do this.” He then made the bill into a ball. Then he said, “Who wants it now?” The hands went back into the air.

“Well,” he said, “What if I do this?” and he dropped it on the floor and stepped on it. He picked up the dirty, crumpled bill and said, “Who still wants it?” Hands went back into the air.

“My friends,” he said, “you have learned a valua­ble lesson today. No matter (無論) what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not go down in value (價值). It was still worth ¥ l00!”

Many times in our lives, we are dropped, crum­pled, and stepped on by the chances we take and the things that happen to us. We feel as if we are worth nothing. But remember, no matter what has happened to you, you will never lose your value: you are always valuable to those people who love you. Your value doesn’t come from what you do or whom you know, but WHO YOU ARE.

You are special and valuable. Don’t ever forget it!

1. Even though it was dirty, the money _______.

A. still went up in value                      

B. was worth nothing

C. didn’t go down in value

D. was still ours

2. We are always valuable to the people _______.

A. who pay us

B. who call us

C. who hate us

D. who love us

3. Your value doesn’t come from what you do but _______.

A. who you know

B. who made you

C. who you remember

D. who you are

4. The sentence “Hands went back into the air” means “_______”.

A. the students put up their hands again

B. the students put down their hands

C. the students put their hands behind their backs again

D. the students put their hands in front of them

5. Why did the famous teacher use a ¥100 bill at his lesson?

A. Because he wanted to make the bill into a ball.

B. Because he used to drop a bill on the floor and stepped on it.

C. Because he was going to give the bill to one of his students.

D. Because he wanted to make the students know what value was.

參考答案1C 2D 3D 4A 5D

 

【實戰訓練】 E

(中考保健與健康類選練)

How much sleep is enough?

   To stay in good health, some expert in the US say, adults should get seven to eight hours of sleep. Teenager need nine to ten hours. And pre-school children need more than 10 hours of sleep a night.

   Experts say the quality(質量)of our sleep becomes poor as we grow older. This happens because the brain unit that controls sleep begins to weaken slowly as we age.

   Experts say the change starts in our 30s. By the time we reach our 50s, a person may have lost 50 percent of their ability to have a restful sleep.

These people have trouble failing and staying asleep through the night. From middle age on, these problems only get worse, and they can have a bad effect on their health.

Signs that show you may not be getting enough sleep.

You’re always hungry or you’ve got unwanted weight. If you are in short of sleep, certain chemicals in your body will not work well and tell your brain in time that you have eaten enough.

You have trouble making decisions. Not having enough sleep may make your brain work slower in problem solving.

You have trouble remembering things. Sleep helps prepare the brain for new memories.

Your feeling changes unreasonably. People who don’t sleep well may feel unable to control their feelings.

You are having trouble seeing. If there is a shortage of sleep, you may not be able to see thing as clearly as usual.

How to improve your sleep? Here are a few things people can do to get better sleep.

Health experts say that exercise and avoiding work on computers make people go to sleep more easily. A cool room is also a good choice for sleeping well.

1.What can we learn from the passage?

A. With the help of medicine, we can sleep better.

B. People begin to have sleep problems in their 40s.

C. Teenagers usually need more sleep than adults.

D. Few people have sleep problems in their late years.

2.The underlined word”effect” in the passage is close in meaning to     .

A. Knowledge     B. influence     C. excuse     D. activity

3.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a sign that you are not sleeping well?

A. You often get hungry.     B. Your eyesight is failing.

C. You have proper memory    D.You always feel tired.

4.It is possible that the article is taken from     .

A. a middle-school textbook   B. a scientific report

C. A magazine on health     D. an ad in the newspaper

參考答案1C 2B 3D 4C

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