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15篇高考英語完型填空練習題+詳解 (15)
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15篇高考英語完型填空練習題+詳解 (15)

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完形填空

Words293 難度系數:★★★ 建議用時:16分鐘

One daynot too long agothe employees of a large company in St.LouisMissouri returned from their lunch break and were greeted with a sign on the front door. The sign said“Yesterday the person who had been hindering(阻礙)your __1__ in this company passed away. We __2__ you to join the funeral in the room that has been __3__ in the gym.”

At first everyone was sad to __4__ that one of their colleagues had died__5__ after a while they started getting __6__ about who this person might be.

The excitement __7__ as the employees arrived at the gym to pay their last __8__.Everyone wondered“Who is this person that was hindering my growth? Well__9__ he’s no longer here

One by one the __10__ got closer to the coffin(棺材)and when they looked inside itthey __11__ became speechless. They stood over the coffin__12__ into silenceas if someone had __13__ the deepest part of their soul.

There was a mirror inside the coffin—everyone who looked inside it could see himself. There was also a __14__ next to the mirror that __15__“There is only one person who is capable to__16__limits to your growthit is YOU.”

You are the only person who can revolutionize your __17__.You are the only person who can__18__your happinessrealization and success. You are the only person who can help yourself. Your life does not change when your boss changesyour friends changeyour parents changeyour partner changes or your company changes. Your life changes when YOU changewhen you go__19__your limiting beliefs and when you realize that you are the only one__20__for your life.

1. Aability         Bprogress

Ctalent   Dpractice

2. Abeg   Ballow

Cinvite   Dadvise

3. Astarted    Bprepared

Copened   Dcreated

4. Alearn   Bobserve

Cnotice   Dfind

5. Afor   Bor

Cso   Dbut

6. Aangry   Bsorry

Ccurious   Dnervous

7. Agrew   Bappeared

Cimproved   Ddeveloped

8. Asights   Battentions

Cappreciations   Drespects

9A.at least   Bin fact

Cat once   Din general

10A.employees    Bmanagers

Cfriends   Dcitizens

11. Aquickly   Bfinally

Cobviously   Dsuddenly

12. Aworried   Bdepressed

Cshocked   Dembarrassed

13. Abroken   Btouched

Cstolen   Dchanged

14. Aletter   Bsign

Cmark   Dpage

15. Atold   Bwarned

Cwrote   Dread

16. Aset   Btake

Cput   Dget

17. Abusiness   Bheart

Clife   Dsuccess

18. Arealize   Bsatisfy

Cinfluence    Dconsider

19. Afor   Bupon

Cover    Dbeyond

20. Areasonable   Bresponsible

Csuitable    Dvaluable

 

1. 解析:選B。根據第三段中的“Who is this person that was hindering my growth可知是進步;成長

2. 解析:選C。既然是讓員工參加同事的葬禮,應該是邀請

3. 解析:選B。葬禮是在體育館中準備的。

4. 解析:選A。起初,每個人得知其中一個同事逝世后都非常傷心。

5. 解析:選D。本句的前半部分提到眾人十分難過,后半句的意思是大家想知道這個人是誰,由此可知前后部分的內容發生了轉折。

6. 解析:選C。由于眾人不知道是誰的葬禮,因此非常好奇,想知道究竟是誰。

7. 解析:選A。當員工到達體育館向死者告別時,更加難以抑制內心的激動,迫切想知道死者究竟是誰,此處grow表示增加

8. 解析:選D。參加葬禮的人前來悼念,以示尊重

9. 解析:選A。眾人想知道究竟是誰阻礙了自己的發展,同時也感到慶幸,至少此人已經不在人世。

10. 解析:選A。上文提到員工前去體育館參加葬禮,由此可知是員工一個接一個地走近棺材并朝里面觀看。

11. 解析:選D。上文提到員工議論紛紛,想知道死者究竟是誰,此處則是他們鴉雀無聲,顯然強調的是突然的變化。

12. 解析:選C。他們本以為是參加某個同事的葬禮,未曾想到棺材中放置的竟然是一面鏡子,自然無比震驚,目瞪口呆。

13. 解析:選B。眾人默默地站在棺材旁邊,呆若木雞,似乎有人觸及了他們的內心最深處。

14. 解析:選B。文章開頭部分提到前門有一個牌子,再結合此處的also可判斷B項正確。

15. 解析:選D。此處read表示寫著

16. 解析:選A。只有一個人可以限制你的發展:那就是你。

17. 解析:選C。上述事例引發了作者的感慨,只有自己才可以徹底改變自己的人生

18. 解析:選C。上文提到的是阻礙自身的發展,由此可知此處用影響最恰當。

19. 解析:選D。上文提到別人的改變與自己的改變無關,只有自身改變時,自己的人生才能發生改變,而改變自己的人生需要突破信仰的束縛。表示超出

20. 解析:選B。作者意在表明只有自己才可以改變自己,自己是唯一一個對自己人生負責的人,任何人無法取代。

 

*******************************************************結束

 

4、(2010·河南省開封市三模)

Disposing (處理) of waste has been a problem since humans started producing it. As more and more people choose to live close together in cities, the waste disposal problem becomes increasingly difficult.

During the eighteenth century, it was usual for several neighboring towns to get together to select a faraway spot as a dump site. Residents or trash haulers (垃圾拖運者) would transport household rubbish, rotted wood, and old possessions to the site. Periodically some of the trash was burned and the rest was buried. The unpleasant sights and smells caused no problem because nobody lived close by. Factories, mills, and other industrial sites also had waste to be disposed of. Those located on rivers often just dumped the unwanted remains into the water. Others built huge burners with chimneys to deal with the problem.

Several facts make these choices unacceptable to modern society. The first problem is space. Dumps, which are now called landfills, are most needed in heavily populated areas. Such areas rarely have empty land suitable for this purpose. Property is either too expensive or too close to residential neighborhoods. Long distance trash hauling has been a common practice, but once farm areas are refusing to accept rubbish from elsewhere, cheap land within trucking distance of major city areas is nonexistent. Awareness (意識) of pollution dangers has resulted in more strict rules of waste disposal. Pollution of rivers, ground water, land and air is a price people cannot longer pay to get rid of waste. The amount of waste, however, continues to grow.

Recycling efforts have become common place, and many towns require their people to take part. Even the most efficient recycling programs, however, can hope to deal with only about 50 percent of a city's reusable waste.

64.  The most suitable title for this passage would be     .

A. Places for Disposing Waste     B. Waste Pollution Dangers

C. Ways of Getting Rid of Waste     D. Waste Disposal Problem

65. During the 18th century, people disposed their waste in many ways except for     .

A. burying it     B. recycling it    

C. burning it     D. throwing it into rivers

66. What can be inferred from the third paragraph?

A. Farm areas will continue accepting waste from the city in modern society.

B. There is cheap land to bury waste in modern society.

C. It is difficult to find space to bury waste in modern society.

D. Ways to deal with waste in modern society stay the same.

67.  The main purpose of writing this article is to     .

A. draw people's attention to waste management

B. warn people of the pollution dangers we are facing

C. call on people to take part in recycling programs

D. tell people a better way to get rid of the waste

 

4、參考答案--------------D B C A

 

*******************************************************結束

 

高考預練

.單項填空

1(2012·山東省實驗中學診斷)What was considered impolite years ago has become __________ now.

Aaccessible        Badjustable

Cunbelievable   Dacceptable

2(2012·山東省實驗中學一模)I’m afraid I’m not __________ to help with the showfor I am fully occupied with my own project.

Aacceptable   Badaptable

Cavailable   Daccessible

3(2012·濟南模擬)I keep on walking after supper because I can’t think of a __________ way to keep fit.

Abetter   Bbest

Cworse   Dworst

4(2012·淄博模擬)The government should develop________ system to predict when wildfires occur and give warnings in time.

Aprevious   Breliable

Creasonable   Dresponsible

5(2012·臨沂質量檢測)—Jenny is always __________ for appointments.Why is she late today?

—She might have got trapped in a traffic jam in the rush hour.

Apatient   Bgrateful

Cpunctual   Davailable

6(2012·遼寧期中測試題)The little girl couldn’t work the problem out.She wasn’t________clever.

Athat   Bmuch

Cenough   Drather

7(2012·鹽城第二次調研)—Who do you have in mind for the position?

—I think Peter is the most________person for it.

Agenerous   Blikely

Coptimistic   Dvoluntary

8(2012·太原市部分重點中學檢測)It is reported that a new planet has been discovered recently.It’s ________ Earthand hopefully it can support human life.

Aalmost three times the size of

Bthree times the size than

Cthree times almost as large than

Dalmost three times as larger as

9(2012·山西太原模擬)LookHow much________ Alice looks wearing her new show dress!

Awell   Bgood

Cbetter   Dbest

10(2012·濰坊5月份訓練)The new discovery challenged the __________ theory about life’s origins.

Aconventional   Bparticular

Ccontrary   Dcasual

 

1. 解析:選D。考查形容詞辨析。accessible意為易接近的,可理解的adjustable意為可調整的unbelievable意為難以相信的acceptable意為可接受的。句意:多年前被認為不禮貌的事情現在已經開始逐漸被接受了。根據句意可知,應選D項。

2. 解析:選C。考查形容詞。acceptable值得接受的,可接受的;adaptable可適應的,有適應能力的;available有空的,空閑的,有時間的;accessible容易取得的,可接近的。句意:恐怕我不能在這次展覽上幫忙了,因為我正忙于自己的項目。故選C項。

3. 解析:選A。考查形容詞比較級。句意:我堅持晚飯后散步,因為我想不到比這更好的保持健康的方法了。根據語境可知,A項正確。

4. 解析:選B。考查形容詞詞義辨析。previous意為以前的;早先的reliable意為可靠的reasonable意為合理的responsible意為負責的。句意:政府應開發出可靠的預測系統,以便火災發生時能及時發出警報。故B項正確。

5. 解析:選C。考查形容詞詞義辨析。patient意為有耐心的grateful意為感激的punctual意為準時的available 意為有效的,可利用的。句意:——Jenny約會總是很準時,今天她怎么遲到了?——她可能碰到上下班高峰期的交通堵塞了。根據語境可知。此處用punctual。即C項正確。

6. 解析:選A。句意:那個小女孩解不出這道題。她沒那么聰明。that作副詞時,相當于somuch常修飾形容詞或副詞的比較級以及動詞;enough用在形容詞或副詞后;rather相當。

7. 解析:選B。考查形容詞辨析。句意:——你覺得誰適合那個職位?——我認為彼得最合適。likely“合適的,恰當的,符合語意。generous“慷慨的,大方的optimistic“樂觀的voluntary“自愿的,義務的

8. 解析:選A。考查倍數表達法。倍數表達法要注意三種結構:A is+倍數+the size/height/weight/...ofBA is+倍數+bigger/larger/...thanBA is+倍數+as big/large/...asB。故A項的表達正確。

9. 解析:選C。考查形容詞的比較級。much后面不能接形容詞的原級和最高級,而應該用形容詞的比較級,結合語意選C項。

10. 解析:選A。考查形容詞辨析。句意:這個新發現向生命起源的傳統理論提出了挑戰。conventional意為習慣的;傳統的,符合題意。particular意為特別的contrary意為相反的;不利的casual意為隨意的

 

 

 

 

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