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19套高考英語完型填空+閱讀理解+單選題+詳解 (6)
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19套高考英語完型填空+閱讀理解+單選題+詳解 (6)

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完型填空

What I Want for You and Every Child in America

                             by President-Elect Barack Obama

Dear Malia and Sasha,

I know that youve both had a lot of   1   these last two years during the campaign, going to picnics and parades and state fairs, eating all sorts of junk food your mother and I probably shouldnt have let you have. But I also know that it hasnt always been easy for you and Mom, and that although you are both excited about that new puppy(幼犬), it doesnt  2  for all the time weve been apart. I know  3  Ive missed these past two years, and today I want to tell you a little more about why I decided to take our family on this journey.

When I was a young man, I thought life was all about me--about how Id  4  my way in the world, become successful, and get the things I want. But then the two of you came into my  5   with all your curiosity and mischief (搗亂) and those smiles that never  6  to fill my heart and light up my day. I soon found that the greatest joy in my life was the joy I saw in yours. Thats why I ran for President: because of what I want for you and for every child in this nation. 

I want all our children to go to schools  7  of their potential---schools that challenge them, inspire them, and instill (灌輸) in them a sense of  8  about the world around them. I want them to have the chance to go to college  9  their parents arent rich. And I want them to get good jobs: jobs that pay well and give them benefits like health care, jobs that let them have time to spend time with their own  10 .

I want us to  11  back the boundaries(界限) of discovery so that youll live to see new technologies and inventions that improve our lives and make our planet cleaner and safer. And I want us to push our own human boundaries to reach  12  the divides(分水嶺) of race and region, gender and religion that 13  us from seeing the best in each other.

That was the  14  your grandmother tried to teach me when I was your age, reading me the opening lines of the Declaration of Independence and telling me about the men and women who marched for  15   because they believed those words put to paper two centuries ago should mean  16  .

She helped me understand that America is great not because it is perfect but because it can always be made better and that the  17  work of perfecting our union falls to each of us. Its a duty we pass on to our children.

These are the things I want for you--- to  18  in a world with no limits on your dreams and no achievements beyond your reach. And I want every child to have the same  19  to learn and dream and grow that you girls have. Thats why Ive taken our family on this great adventure.

I am so proud of both of you. I love you  20  you can ever know. And I am grateful every day for your patience, confidence, grace, and humor as we prepare to start our new life together in the White House.

                                                          Love, Dad

1. A. play             B. fun             C. pain              D. gain

2. A. take up           B. pick up         C. make up           D. put up

3. A. how much        B. how many       C. how soon          D. how long

4. A. lose             B. make           C. take               D. walk

5. A. world            B. family          C. position            D. place

6. A. succeed          B. come           C. tend               D. fail

7. A. worth           B. worthless         C. worthwhile         D. worthy

8. A. humor           B. hatred           C. wonder            D. sadness

9. A. even if          B. as if             C. as long as          D. if

10. A. friends         B. kids             C. boys              D. girls

11. A. rush           B. catch            C. push              D. pull

12. A. to             B. in              C. into               D. beyond

13. A. keep           B. let              C. make             D. warn

14. A. way           B. method           C. means            D. lesson

15. A. quantity        B. quality           C. equality           D. quarter

16. A. everything      B. something        C. anything           D. nothing

17. A. unfinished      B. finished          C. unfinishing         D. finishing

18. A. wake up        B. grow up          C. come up           D. get up

19. A. difficulty        B. barriers          C. anxiety            D. chances

20. A. rather than      B. other than          C. less than         D. more than

【解題導語】即將宣誓就職的美國總統當選人奧巴馬,寫了封感性十足的公開信給兩名稚女----十歲的瑪莉亞與七歲的莎夏,為這兩年多半時間沒能陪在她們身旁致上歉意,并為自己為何決定帶領我們一家人展開這趟偉大冒險邁向白宮之路做了一番解釋,以及他參選總統時從兩名愛女身上所獲得的啟發。坦承就算答應讓愛女飼養小狗、也與無法彌補一家人無法團聚的時光,他以兩個女兒為榮,深愛著她們。

這篇名為我要你們與全美每名小孩過得更好家書的收信對象,并非僅限于奧巴馬的兩名愛女,而廣及全美國國民。

1.【解析】選B。我知道這兩年你們倆隨我一路競選都有過不少樂子(fun),野餐、游行、逛州博覽會,吃了各種或許我和你媽不該讓你們吃的垃圾食物。

【解題誤區】選項A的意思是玩耍,戲劇;選項C的意思是疼痛,痛苦;選項D的意思是獲得,均與語境不符。

2.【解析】選C。新來的小狗雖然令你們興奮,卻無法彌補(make up)我們不在一起的所有時光。

【解題誤區】選項A的意思是從事;選項B的意思是撿起來;接收;用汽車搭載某人或接某人;選項D的意思是建造;張貼,均與語境不符。

3.【解析】選A。我明白這兩年我錯過了多少東西。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選B。作者此處表達的是一個籠統的概念,故不能用how many

4.【解析】選B。當我還年輕的時候,我認為生活就該繞著我轉:我如何在這世上成功,成功立業,得到我想要的。make ones way成功的意思,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】make ones way與下文的become successful相呼應。

5.【解析】選A。后來,你們倆進入了我的世界(world),帶來的種種好奇、淘氣和微笑,……照亮我的日子。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選BMalia and Sasha是作者自己的孩子,因此若選B,則句意不通。

6.【解析】選D。總能填滿我的心,照亮我的日子。fail to do sth.沒能做某事。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Ctend to do sth.易于做某事,傾向于做某事,與語境不符。

7.【解析】選D。我要讓所有兒童都在能夠發掘他們潛能的學校就讀。worthy of適合于,配得上,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Aworth of通常用于表示數量 持續時間等的名詞之后。

8.【解析】選C。這些學校要能挑戰他們,激勵他們,并灌輸他們對身處的這個世界的好奇心。wonder about對于什么的好奇心。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Aa sense of humor about the world around them關于她們周圍世界的幽默感,與語境不符。

9.【解析】選A。我要他們有機會上大學,即使他們的父母并不富有。even if即使,引導一個讓步狀語從句,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Dif如果,引導一個條件狀語從句,這與作者的承諾所表達的意思相悖。

10.【解析】選B。讓他們有時間陪孩子(kid)、并且能夠帶著尊嚴退休的工作。作者的這一承諾與文章第一段中although you are both excited about that new puppy(幼犬), it doesnt  2  for all the time weve been apart.所表達的愧疚相呼應。

【解題誤區】選項A朋友們;選項C男孩,們;選項D女孩們,均與上文沒有照應。

11.【解析】選C。我要大家向未知的領域拓展,不斷去探索、發現,使得你們在有生之年能夠看見新科技新發明改善我們的生活,使我們居住的這個星球更干凈更安全。push back the boundaries of discovery把發現領域的邊緣向外擴展,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Dpull back拉回,撤回,與語境不符。

12.【解析】選D。我也要大家打破人際隔閡,跨越那些(……)種族、地域、性別和宗教樊籬。beyond越過,越出,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Areach to延伸到,與語境不符。

13.【解析】選A。妨礙我們看到彼此最優秀一面的(……)keep sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】其他三個選項通常不接sb. from doing sth

14.【解析】選D。這正是在你們這年紀時,外婆想要教的功課(lesson)。下文的敘述就是的外婆教給我的功課的內容。

【解題誤區】其他三個的意思是方式,方法,與語境不符。

15.【解析】選C。她把獨立宣言開頭幾行念給我聽,告訴我有一些男女為了爭取 (平等)而游行抗議……

【解題誤區】結合美國歷史常識有助于解答本題。

16.【解析】選B。因為他們認為兩個世紀前白紙黑字寫下來的這些話,不應只是空話。mean something在句中可理解為不是空話

【解題誤區】本題易誤選ACmean everything/anything意味著一切,與語義相悖。

17.【解析】選A。她讓我了解到,美國所以偉大,不是因為它完美,而是因為我們可以不斷讓它變得更好,而讓它更好的未竟工作,就落在我們每個人的身上。

【解題誤區】本題易誤選Bfinished完成的,與語境不符。

18.【解析】選B。這些是我想要讓你們得到的東西:在一個夢想不受限制、有所成就的世界中長大

【解題誤區】選項A的意思是醒來;選項C的意思是出現,發生;選項D的意思是起床,均與語境不符。

19. 【解析】選D。我要每個孩子都有和你們一樣的機會(chance),去學習、夢想、成長。

【解題誤區】選項A的意思是困難;選項B的意思是障礙;選項C的意思是焦慮,均與語境不符。

20.【解析】選D。我深以你倆為榮,你們永遠不會明白我有多愛你們。more than超過,與語境相符。

【解題誤區】選項A的意思是而不是;選項B的意思是除了;選項C的意思是少于,均與語境不符。

*************************************************************結束

完型填空

Hidden passengers traveling in ships, trams, or even cars can be a terrible trouble especially when they are insects. As for this, there is a great   1   between human beings; and insects. The former   2   every possible effort to avoid being discovered, while the latter quickly   3   attention to themselves.

We can only show mercy to the   4   man who had to slop his car soon after   5   from a country village to drive to London. Hearing a strange noise from the   6   of the car, he naturally got out to   7   the wheels carefully, but he found nothing wrong, so he   8   his way. Again the noise began,   9   and became even louder. Quickly   10   his head, the man saw what appeared to be a great   11   cloud following the car. When he stopped at a village further on, he was told that a queen bee must be hidden in his car as there were thousands of bees   12  .

On learning this, the man drove away .as quickly as possible. After an hour's   13   driving, he arrived safely in London, where he parked his car outside a   14   and went in- It was not long   15   a customer who had seen him arrive   16   in to inform him that his car was   17   with bees. The poor driver was   18   that the best way should be to call a   19  . In a short time the man arrived. He found the unwelcome passenger hidden near the wheels at the back. of the car. Very thankful to the driver for this   20   gift, the bee-keeper took the queen and her thousand of followers home in a large box.

 

1. A. connection  B. difference   C. communication  D. similarity

2. A. do    B. take    C. make    D. try

3. A. give    B. keep    C. pay    D. draw

4. A. unfortunate  B. careless   C. unpleasant   D. hopeless

5. A. passing by  B. leaving out   C. setting out   D. getting up

6. A. front   B. back    C. left    D. right

7. A. clean   B. change    C. test    D. examine

8. A. drove   B. continued   C. pushed   D. forced

9. A. normally   B. gently    C. actually   D. immediately

10. A. hiding   B. turning   C. shaking   D. raising

11. A. black   B. beautiful   C. white    D. colorful

12. A. below   B. ahead    C. nearby    D. behind

13. A. boring   B. careful    C. exciting   D. hard

14. A. hotel   B. museum   C. hospital   D. school

15. A. when   B. after    C. until    D. before

16. A. broke   B. moved    C. hurried   D. dropped

17. A. crowded  B. covered   C. filled    D. equipped

18. A. advised   B. required   C. ordered   D. requested

19. A. bee-keeper  B. policeman   C. waiter    D. repairman

20. A. unfamiliar  B. unknown   C. unexpected   D. uncertain

 

 

1~5 BCDAC  6~10 BDBDB  

11~15 ACDAD  16~20 CBAAC

 

**********************************************************結束

閱讀理解

1、(2011·安徽省巢湖市高三第一次教學質量檢測

Scientists have found that human eyes are more likely to be damaged by UV rays (紫外線) while skiing in the snow-covered areas than sitting on the beach, according to a report by the UK newspaper The Telegraph.

The researchers at Kanazawa Medical University, Japan and American company Johnson

Johnson conducted the study together. They looked at the effects of light reflection on newly fallen snow on a ski trail (a rough path) in Ishikawa District, northern Japan. They compared the results with the levels of UV rays on a sand beach in southern Japan's Okinawa District.

They found that on the beach, eyes are exposed to a daily 260 kilojoules (千焦耳) of UV a square meter compared to 658 kilojoules in snow-covered areas.

The findings are supported by the Japan Meteorological Agency. According to the agen- cy, the reflection rate of UV light on beaches is often between 10 and 25 percent, compared to 80 percent in the new snow areas. The amount of light increased 4 percent with a 300-meter rise in height.

Most of us know that UV rays can harm the skin. That's why we wear sunscreen on our skin before we get out in the sun. But many of us may not realize that UV rays are also harmful to the eyes.

If your eyes are exposed to large amounts of UV radiation over a short period of time, you may experience a kind of sunburn of the eye, which is harmful. Your eyes will become red and feel a strange feeling. They may be sensitive to light. Fortunately, this is usually temporary (暫時的) and seldom causes permanent damage to the eyes.

Long-term exposure to UV radiation, however, can be more serious. Scientific studies and researches have shown that exposure to small amounts of UV radiation over a period of many years increases the chance of eye damage, which could lead to total blindness.

67. You would most likely find the article in

A. a doctor's diary                   B. a travel journal

C. a medical magazine                D. a physics textbook

68. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Too much eye exposure to UV rays may cause total blindness.

B. Short-time exposure of the eyes to UV rays doesn't harm them at all.

C. Most people know that UV rays harm the eyes as well as the skin.

D. The study was conducted by researchers from Japan, the USA and the UK.

69. The underlined word "sunscreen" in Paragraph 5 most probably means ______.

A. sunglasses       B. sunhat          C. suncream          D. sunburn

70. What will the passage most probably talk about next?

A. Never ski on newly fallen snow in Japan.

B. Go to hospital to have your eyes examined.

C. Wearing a hat can provide protection while skiing in new snow areas.

D. Take some measures to protect your eyes while skiing in new snow areas.

 

1、參考答案--------BDDA

 

*****************************************************************結束

 

 

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